Archaeology dating lesson

The Good Samaritan parable is one of the most beloved gospel stories for young and old alike.The story is told in Luke –37: A man going from Jerusalem to Jericho is attacked by robbers who strip him and beat him. But a Samaritan stops and cares for him, taking him to an inn where the Samaritan pays for his care. Amy-Jill Levine discusses in a column in the January/February 2012 issue of , the story has proven a popular one for sermons over the years, and it has been interpreted in many different ways—ranging from a tale about ritual purity to lessons about personal safety and even freedom fighters or universal healthcare.Unfortunately, she misdated her finds, resulting in what seemed to be a discrepancy between the discoveries of archaeology and the Bible. This distinctive pottery, decorated with red and black geometric patterns, was in use only in the 15th century bc, the time of the Israelite Conquest according to biblical chronology. An in-depth analysis of the evidence, however, reveals that the destruction took place around 1400 B. (end of the Late Bronze I period), exactly when the Bible says the conquest occurred.She concluded that the Bronze Age city of Jericho was destroyed about 1550 B. The mound, or ‘tell’ of Jericho was surrounded by a great earthen rampart, or embankment, with a stone retaining wall at its base.Photography of the shroud by Secondo Pia in 1898 indicated that the image resembled a photographic 'negative' and represents the first modern study.Subsequently the shroud was made available for scientific examination, first in 19 by a committee appointed by Cardinal Michele Pellegrino .Until recently, assumptions about origins were based on where people were buried, but this ...

After many journeys the shroud was finally brought to Turin in 1578 where, in 1694, it was placed in the royal chapel of Turin Cathedral in a specially designed shrine.Even for the first investigation, there was a possibility of using radiocarbon dating to determine the age of the linen from which the shroud was woven.The size of the sample then required, however, was ~500cm, which would clearly have resulted in an unacceptable amount of damage, and it was not until the development in the 1970s of small gas-counters and accelerator-mass-spectrometry techniques (AMS), requiring samples of only a few square centimetres, that radiocarbon dating of the shroud became a real possibility. The shroud was separated from the backing cloth along its bottom left-hand edge and a strip (~10 mm x 70 mm) was cut from just above the place where a sample was previously removed in 1973 for examination.— An international team has successfully recovered ancient DNA from Egyptian mummies dating from approximately 1400 BCE to 400 CE, including the first genome-wide nuclear data, establishing ancient ...— New genomic tools are enabling researchers to overturn long-held beliefs about the origins of populations.

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